Dry Needling Facts- AAPAS Dry Needling White Paper

English

FAN Arthur Yin1,2, XU Jun1,3, and LI Yong-ming1,3

 

ABSTRACT ABSTRACT In the last twenty years, in the United States and other Western  In the last twenty years, in the United States and other Western countries, dry needling (DN) became a hot and debatable topic, not only in countries, dry needling (DN) became a hot and debatable topic, not only in academic but also in legal fi elds. This White Paper is to provide the authoritative academic but also in legal fi elds. This White Paper is to provide the authoritative information of DN information of DN v e r s u s versus acupuncture to academic scholars, healthcare  acupuncture to academic scholars, healthcare professional administrators, lawmakers, and the general public through providing professional administrators, lawmakers, and the general public through providing the authoritative evidence and experts' opinions regarding critical issues of DN the authoritative evidence and experts' opinions regarding critical issues of DN versus versus acupuncture, and then reach consensus. DN is the use of dry needles  acupuncture, and then reach consensus. DN is the use of dry needles alone, either solid fi liform acupuncture needles or hollow-core hypodermic needles, alone, either solid fi liform acupuncture needles or hollow-core hypodermic needles, to insert into the body for the treatment of muscle pain and related myofascial pain to insert into the body for the treatment of muscle pain and related myofascial pain syndrome. DN is sometimes also known as intramuscular stimulation, trigger points syndrome. DN is sometimes also known as intramuscular stimulation, trigger points (TrP) acupuncture, TrP DN, myofascial TrP DN, or biomedical acupuncture. In (TrP) acupuncture, TrP DN, myofascial TrP DN, or biomedical acupuncture. In Western countries, DN is a form of simplifi ed acupuncture using biomedical language in treating myofascial Western countries, DN is a form of simpli fi ed acupuncture using biomedical language in treating myofascial pain, a contemporary development of a portion of Ashi point acupuncture from Chinese acupuncture. It pain, a contemporary development of a portion of Ashi point acupuncture from Chinese acupuncture. It seeks to redefi ne acupuncture by reframing its theoretical principles in a Western manner. DN-like needling seeks to rede fi ne acupuncture by reframing its theoretical principles in a Western manner. DN-like needling with fi liform needles have been widely used in Chinese acupuncture practice over the past 2,000 years, and with fi liform needles have been widely used in Chinese acupuncture practice over the past 2,000 years, and with hypodermic needles has been used in China in acupuncture practice for at least 72 years. In Eastern with hypodermic needles has been used in China in acupuncture practice for at least 72 years. In Eastern countries, such as China, since late of 1800s or earlier, DN is a common name of acupuncture among countries, such as China, since late of 1800s or earlier, DN is a common name of acupuncture among acupuncturists and the general public, which has a broader scope of indications, not limited to treating the acupuncturists and the general public, which has a broader scope of indications, not limited to treating the myofascial pain. myofascial pain.

KEYWORDS KEYWORDS dry needling, acupuncture, biomedical acupuncture, authoritative evidence, experts' opinions,  dry needling, acupuncture, biomedical acupuncture, authoritative evidence, experts' opinions, consensus